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Reptile
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Sectiunea Biologie - Despre Reptile
pagina are la baza un material trimis de Rucsy



Aligatorii, crocodilii, testoasele serpii si soparlele fac parte din aceeasi familie, cea a reptilelor.Reptilele traiesc mai ales pe uscat, dar unele dintre ele isi petrec mult timp in apa.Toate au piele cu solzi cornosi.Sunt animale cu sange rece, adica temperatura corpurilor lor este mereu aceeasi cu cea a mediului de viata.Majoritetea reptilelor sunt carnivore, hranindu-se cu animale.Unele reptile isi inghit prada intreaga.


1.Reptilele depun oua.
Dupa imperechere, femela crocodil sapa noaptea o groapa, unde depune vreo 40 de oua, pe care ambi parinti le pazesc cu strasnicie.In aproximativ 90 de zile ies puii. Crocodilii isi poarta puii in falci pentru ai proteja.Puii se pot hrani singuri de indata ce ies din oua, insa parintii continuie sa-i supravegheze pana devin suficient de puternici.


2.Lupta cu dusmanul.
Unii serpi isi omoara prada printr-o muscatura veninoasa. Altii, ca sarpele boa, strang prada pana o sufoca.Testoasele se retrag in carapacea lor tare cand sunt speriate sau in pericol.Unele reptile au cozi care se rup cand vor sa scape de dusman si apoi cresc la loc.

Singurii serpi veninosi din tara noastra sunt:

  • vipera
  • vipera cu corn
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