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Raspandirea animalelor pe glob
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Vegetatia, fauna si solurile Europei
pagina realizata de Axllitza



Vegetatia,fauna si solul mediteranean

VEGETATIA: Specifica bazinului Marii mediterane
Arbori si arbusti care nu-si pierd frunzele:
-stejarul verde
-stejarul de pluta
-laurul
-mirtul
-cimbrul

Maquisul:
-ienupar
-mirt

Gariga:
-stejari pitici
-Plante mirositoare: levantica, cimbrul, rozmarinul, merisorul

Pomi fructiferi:
-maslinul
-portocalul
-bananierul
-lamaiul
-smochinul

FAUNA: sacalul, scorpionul, broasca testoasa, magotul (singura maimuta din Europa), diferite pasari, reptile, serpi

SOLURILE: roscate-castanii, terra rosa (pe substrat calcaros),

Vegetatia, fauna si solurile din tundra
VEGETATIA: Situata in Nord

Arbusti: mesteacanul pitic, salcia pitica, afin

Licheni: lichenul-renilor, lichenul islandez

Plante: argintica, salcie pitica, salcie polara, piciorul-cocosului de tundra,

Fauna: iepurele, vulpea polara, renul, ursul polar, foca, morsa,

SOLURILE: soluri subtiri (soluri podzolice)

Vegetatia, fauna si solurile din stepa
VEGETATIA: Nordul Marii Negre si zona Marii Caspice
Vegetatie ierboasa: pir, negara, colilie, paius,

Fauna: harciog, popandau, soarecce de camp, iepurele, serpi, soparle,

SOLURILE:-cernoziom

Vegetatia,fauna si solurile din Taiga

VEGETATIA: Nordul Europei Arbori: brad, molid, pin

FAUNA: ursul alb, vulpea polara, elanul, renul, hermelina

SOLURILE: turbarii, podzolice

Vegetatia, fauna, solurile din padurile de foioase

VEGETATIA: Arbori: stejar, frasin, tei, ulm, artar

Arbusti: maces, alun, soc, paducel

FAUNA: caprioara, porcul mistret, lupul, vulpea, bursucul, jder, rasul, veverita

SOLURILE: brune, cenusii, argiloase

Vegetatia alpina

VEGETATIA:
Este impartit in patru etaje:

1. Etajul coliniar:
- paduri de stejar -paduri de castan -cereale -vita-de-vie -pomi fructiferi

2. Etajul montan inferior:
-paduri de fag -jneapanul -bujorul de munte -coacaz

3. Etajul padurilor:
-cu arbori pitici - plante cu flori viu colorate vara

4. Etajul nival-muschii:
-lichenii

Vegetatia,solurile de semidesert
VEGETATIA: -ierburi aspre -tufisuri -arbori fara frunze

SOLURILE: -nisipoase -roscate

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