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Porumbelul
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Porumbelul
material trimis de



Porumbelul, pasare din familia columbidelor, cu cioc scurt, de talie mijlocie sau mica.

Culoarea penelor difera dupa specie, de la simpla si uniforma pana la coloritul cel mai variat.Porumbeii traiesc in perechi si isi construiesc un cuib simplu, in care femela depune doua oua albe.Puii sant hraniti cu un lichid laptos secretat de gusa parintilor.Porumbelul este raspandit pe intreg globul.

Cele mai cunoscute specii sunt: porumbeii de stanca (Columba livia),stramosul porumbeilor de casa, porumbelul salbatic (Columbia oenas), raspandit in aproape intreaga Eurapa, porumbelul mare sau gulerat ( Columba palumbus), raspandit in Europa si in Asia de vest.

Porumbelul de casa ( Columba kivia domestica), specie domestica de porumbei (domesticirea a avut loc la sfarsitul neoliticului), care a dat nastere unui numar foarte mare si variat de rase.

Rasele de porumbei domestici se grupeaza in trei tipuri mari, corespunzator directiilor pentru care au fost selectionati: rase de carne (porumbelul roman, staner, lux, maltez florentin etc.), rase de zbor ( porumbelul tippler, zburator de Seghedin, zburator de Danzig, egri, zburator romanesc, ciungi de Ploiesti etc.), rase de ornament (porumbelul pescarus, oriental, german, vienez, chinezesc, paun, Maria Stuart, cap de maur, tobosar, gusat, gat-golas romanesc etc.)

Stiati ca…

  • Porumbeii salbatici sunt mai mici decat cei de curse.
  • Daca au conditii prielnice in orase pot trai pana la 10 ani.Porumbeii de curse care sunt mai bine intretinuti pot trai pana la 25 de ani.
  • Ca deosebire intre sexe femelele sunt mai mici iar capul masculilor este mai mare, mai impunator.
  • Inmultire:Daca nu intervine ceva cuplul format se pastreaza astfel toata viata.Puii ies din oua dupa 18 zilede clocit,sunt orbi si acoperiti cu un puf galben.Femela ii hraneste cu lapte,produs in gusa.
  • Ambii parinti clocesc
  • Nu vedeti niciodata pui de porumbel pentru ca ei arata exact ca adultii
  • Porumbeii nu sunt carnivori asa cum cred multi

    Bibliografie: Arborele Lumii


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